All allergies are the result of an abnormal immune response, which boosts the immune system by reacting exaggeratedly to a normally harmless substance, such as dust, mold or hair of an animal.
When this happens, our body releases IgE, antibodies that normally help protect the body from disease-causing agents by binding to allergens. This, in turn causes the body to release some chemicals, in this case histamine, which causes most of the symptoms of allergy.
The Best Tips to Reduce Allergies at Home
While anyone can develop allergies, it is more common in people with a family history of allergies or asthma. Children with an allergic parent have a 50% chance of developing allergies, and if both parents have allergies, the risk rises to 75%.
There are many types of allergens, from pollen to certain plants, to spores that give off molds, dust mites or the hair of cats and dogs.
If your allergies are present throughout the year, and appear irrespective of pollen cycles or seasonal fluctuations, it is likely that the causes are indoors, with possible dust mites and even mold being the culprit.
The most common way to deal with the allergens that we can find in our home is to identify those areas where they usually accumulate. Here are some tips that you will surely find useful:
- We must use carpets of small size that we can wash regularly with hot water.
- Curtains should also be cleaned frequently with hot water.
- Vacuum and dust regularly. There are special filters with high efficiency when it comes to catching dust mites and other allergens. We will use a damp cloth to remove the dust and if necessary we will do it using a filter mask during the cleaning, since the activity will move the allergens.
- We will use a humidifier or air conditioning in “recirculation” mode to maintain the humidity levels in our home around 50%. It is also important to clean the humidifier tank with a certain frequency (at least twice a week) to prevent mold growth.
- We must be very strict with the maintenance of the wet areas of the house (kitchen, bathroom, basement) as dry as possible.
- We will dispose of the indoor plants, or keep the minimum possible to prevent the growth of molds and derivatives of these spores that cause allergic reactions
- We will try to keep cockroaches, rats, mice and other pests under control. We can use boric acid for the removal of cockroaches and we can also keep food and garbage well covered.
- If the allergy problem is related to our pet, we must wash it once a week, this can reduce the amount of dandruff and hair in the air or our furniture.
- We can use an air filter designed to detect allergens.
- In our bedroom we will wash regularly (once a week) with hot water sheets, blankets, duvet, pillow, etc., we will use anti dust mites for our mattress.
- If the problem is with our pet, it will be excluded from entering our room.
- If we have an extractor air in our bathroom we must use it to reduce the concentration of moisture after the bath.
- Fungi accumulate in the soap, we must therefore be especially careful that after a shower does not foam in our bath.
- It is important to take special care with the carpets that we use in the bathrooms, if we can, we must avoid them due to the large amount of water they absorb and the time it takes them to dry.
- If our children enjoy and play with teddy bears, we should wash them with warm water with some regularity.