The PTSD or PTSD is a mental health problem that is triggered after suffering a stressful experience. Symptoms may include difficulty sleeping and concentrating, anxiety, fits of anger, etc.
What is post-traumatic stress?
Many people who go through traumatic situations have difficulty readjusting and coping with the experiences they have experienced. But over time this type of traumatic reactions improve.
In some cases, however, the symptoms may worsen and last for months or even years. Sometimes they can completely transform the life of the patient, so receiving treatment as soon as possible can prevent the development and maintenance of the disease in the long term.
Symptoms of PTSD usually begin during the three months following the traumatic experience. In a small number of cases, however, such symptoms may not appear until several years after the experience.
Doctors are not sure why some people suffer from PTSD and others not after living a similar experience. It seems that, as in other mental problems, the development of a psychiatric illness is influenced by aspects such as genetic inheritance, which determines a greater predisposition to anxiety and depression, the amount and severity of personal experiences, personality and The ability of our neuronal system to regulate the hormonal and chemical response to stress situations, etc.
The treatment of post-traumatic stress causes the patient to regain control of his life, to feel better about him and also to learn and develop different ways of coping with symptoms if they appear again.
Treatment of PTSD often includes drug use along with psychotherapy. The combination of both therapies helps to improve the symptoms and teaches the patient how to fight with the traumatic situation.
There are several medications that improve the symptoms of the disease:
- Antipsychotics: They can relieve anxiety and problems that may appear as a result of it, such as difficulty sleeping or periods of exaltation
- Antidepressants: They can help relieve the symptoms of depression and anxiety. In addition, in most cases they allow patients to sleep better and increase their concentration. Medications such as the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), sertraline, or paroxetine are used to treat these symptoms. The patient and the physician must work together to determine the most effective pharmacological treatment , that is, the one that presents the least side effects and that brings the greatest benefits to the patient.
Psychotherapeutic treatment can be used to treat both children and adults with PTSD, some of these treatments include:
- Cognitive therapy: It allows to recognize patterns of thought that avoid the symptoms of the disease
- Desensitization and reprocessing by eye movements or EMDR: With this therapy it is possible to help the patient to process traumatic memories with guided eye movements in advance.
These types of treatments try to help the person to improve the underlying problem and the symptoms that appear after a traumatic situation. The type of therapy that will be most effective for each person depends on many factors, so both the doctor and the patient should study together which is best for him.