Cervical cancer is the abnormal or poorly controlled growth of cells in the cervix, becoming malignant, affecting the lower part of the body of the uterus, located at the back of the vagina.
In Colombia cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among women aged 30 and 60 years , about 7,000 are diagnosed annually, one in 25 women will develop cervical cancer during their lifetime and about 2,300 will die Of this disease.
The main risk factor is Human Papillomavirus (HPV) that is transmitted through sexual contact, usually during the first intercourse. There are factors that favor the contamination of HPV virus:
- Precociousness in sexual relations.
- Having sex with multiple partners.
- The number of pregnancies.
- Immune deficiency.
Smoking is another risk factor. Women who smoke are twice as likely to get this type of cancer as non-smokers.
Poor diet low in vegetables, fruits and vegetables, combined with sedentary lifestyle; increase the risk of developing cervical cancer and other cancers.
This type of cancer does not only affect adult women; cervical cancer can also develop in young women in their third decade of life and even in adolescence.
- Condom use, although not 100% safe, can prevent the spread of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) that is the major cause of this type of cancer.
- Perform the cytology examination regularly to detect a possible cervical cancer in time.
- Applying the entire vaccination scheme against cervical cancer.
- Attending the gynecological consultation periodically.
Symptoms and Treatments
This cancer is silent, does not develop symptoms in its development, it only manifests itself when it is very advanced through bleeding in sexual relations, vaginal discharge and bad smell.
If the results in the vaginal cytology are suspect, the doctor will submit to the following tests:
Colposcopy: The doctor observes the cervix through an instrument called colposcopio similar to binoculars. This test is not painful and has no side effects, and you can do it even if you are pregnant.
Biopsy and s extracting a tissue sample to see if cancer cells have. This is the only way to know for sure if you have a precancer, a true cancer or none at all.
If your results indicate that you have cervical cancer, the treatments to follow would be the following:
Surgery: through a removal of the uterus, but if the cancer has spread outside the uterus, it may be necessary to remove other organs such as colon or rectum.
Radiation therapy is a treatment that uses high-powered rays (such as x-rays) to destroy or reduce cancer cells, can be external, outside the body or directly into the tumor.
Chemotherapy: is the use of drugs to destroy cancer cells. Most often, medications are given by the mouth or injected into a vein spreading throughout the body. This treatment can cause hair loss, nausea, vomiting, among other complications.
Laparoscopy: a new technique that allows the vision of the pelvic-abdominal cavity with the aid of ultra-light glasses, this method allows surgical interventions, whose purpose is to cure or correct diseases. The device used is called a laparoscopy tower and enters the body through a small incision (usually between 0.5 and 1.5 centimeters).
When you start a cancer treatment or want to prevent it, do not hesitate to clear with your doctor any questions you have, it is very important that you feel safe with yourself, that you approach this subject as something normal and that you have always in your mind to be Can fight against cervical cancer, so follow our advice and Venture into a happy and healthy life!